Benefits of hydrotherapy and pool exercises

We have decided to write this publication on hydrotherapy, because these types of therapies are increasingly being strengthened by the benefits of the aquatic environment (hydrostatic, hydrodynamic, hydrokinetic and thermal principles of water) and by the greater use of the swimming pools of the home to exercise with a approach of health directed by a qualified professional.

Therefore, we intend to address in a professional and simple way for all readers, the main benefits of hydrotherapy, aquatic therapy, exercises and/or physiotherapy in a temperate pool, but first of all it is necessary to differentiate the concept of hydrotherapy and aquatic therapy.


What is and what are the characteristics of hydroterapy?

Hydrotherapy, derives from the Greek words hydro: water and therapia: healing.

In simple terms hydrotherapy as a modality (application of a physical agent to biological tissues in order to obtain therapeutic changes), based on the use of a great variety of equipment and accessories in the water, making it a comfortable and conducive means for treatment of users with neurological, orthopedic and rheumatic alterations, among others.

Facilitates the execution of movements with less effort, providing the possibility of assisting or resisting it. Allows the relaxation and the decrease of the pain at the same time that it favors the socialization and it promotes psychological effects beneficial for the person.

What is and what are the characteristics of aquatic therapy?

Aquatic therapy is the therapeutic procedure (a way to produce changes through the application of clinical services or techniques in order to improve the function and usually requires the participation of the user), resulting from the combined use of aquatic means, techniques, models of rehabilitation and exercises in the water.

Designed by a qualified professional with health focus, approaching it in an individualized or group way, in order to produce in the person curative and recreational effects that facilitate the functionality, adherence to the treatment and achievement of the objectives proposed for the same, taking advantage of the thermal and mechanical properties it possesses.

In this way, aquatic therapy goes beyond integrating movements, favoring improvements in pain, circulation, muscle strength, balance and coordination of those people who have their pool in their home just for fun or reduce the heat.

Elton John’s pool house.

So… What are the benefits of hydroterapy, aquatic therapy and pool physical exercise?

Hydrotherapy, aquatic therapy and aquatic exercises generate several benefits in all systems of the human body, but to expose it in an orderly and academic way, we will divide them into 5 large groups:

1) It decreases body aches and joint impact.

2) Strengthens muscles, tendons and postures.

3) It reduces adipose tissue, fat and related diseases.

4) Eliminates anxiety, mental and physical stress.

5) It improves the health, well-being and quality of life.

We will now develop these benefits in detail:

1.- Aquatic therapy decreases body pain and joint impact.

When we immerse ourselves in a pool, the force of pushing the water (Archimedes’ Principle) reduces our weight, i.e. a person who is immersed in the pool up to shoulder height, weighing 100 kilos, will have a “weight apparent of 10 kilos”, which will allow you to move more freely, feeling lighter and reducing the load on your joints.

On the other hand, if physical exercise, the tactile stimulus of water plus the temperature of the water, are considered to generate heat release, naturally occurring substances (endorphin, serotonin and dopamine) and blocking painful receptors, which lead to elimination of discomfort and body aches (spine, knees, hips, neck, among others) and also, is an effective treatment for fibromyalgia.

2.- With aquatic therapy strengthens muscles, tendons and postures.

When performing well-prescribed physical exercise in an aquatic environment (swimming pool, sea, rivers and lakes) generates totally different changes, that when performing a gym training; because about 650 muscles of your body work in a differentiated way, without generating an excessive overload in your skeletal muscle system, which could cause an injury (tearing, sprain, rupture of a tendon).

Then, depending on the type of exercise and according to your goals, you can tone your arms, thighs, calves and buttocks or generate muscle hypertrophy (increase in muscle size); in both cases, having strengthened muscles, improve your posture, some orthopedic problems such as scoliosis, kyphosis, flat foot, scapular dyskinesia and other conditions that affect postmenopausal women and older adults.


3.- With aquatic therapy, you can reduce adipose tissue, fat and related diseases.

If a pool exercise prescription is made, considering different user indicators, comorbidities (existing diseases) and physical capacity, it is possible to lose about 3 to 5 kilos of fat or fat tissue in a period of 3 months, it is like doing a liposuction at much lower cost, but exchanging muscle for fat.

In addition, by reducing adipose tissue, lipid levels in the blood and those deposited in our arteries, such as total cholesterol, LDL and triglycerides, are favored.

Finally, according to scientific research, the increase of body fat, develops several systemic alterations, such as diabetes, hypertension, obesity, some cancers, dysautonomia, dyslipidemias, heart attacks and cerebrovascular attacks.

4.- Aqua therapy eliminates anxiety, mental and physical stress.

Today, problems, vehicular congestion, long and demanding working days have triggered an anxious and stressed population, which is reflected in developed and developing countries.

With aquatic therapy, these conditions are removed, relaxing the muscles or tight bands of the neck and shoulders, potentiates a greater rest with a restful sleep, reduces cortisol levels (stress hormone) and increases serotonin levels, decreasing states depressive disorders.

5.- With aquatic therapy, health, well-being and quality of life can be improved.

By reducing body aches, mental stress, drug doses, fragility, diseases and on the other hand, increase functionality, vitality, social participation; a virtuous circle is generated that enhance the health, well-being and quality of life in the people who perform this type of aquatic therapies in temperate pools, using water exercises or kinesiology in swimming pool.



In conclusion, hydrotherapy, aquatic therapy, aqua fitness, water exercises provide many benefits, which other types of therapies fail to generate.

We are attentive to this great need and problems of global level, so we have created and developed Kaenz, which tackles in a comprehensive and personalized these problems, in temperate pools.

We hope all the benefits of hydrotherapy, aquatic therapy and/or pool exercises with Kaenz have been made clear. Finally, we thank you for reading our publication, we hope it has been to your liking…

Kaenz invitation

We have the conviction that Kaenz, will improve your health and well-being, being a great investment, to reduce expenses for medications, hospitalizations and avoid surgeries, we invite you to experience this first virtual aquatic therapist, which will change your habits, recharging energy, toning your body, keeping you young and positively impacting your quality of life, sharing with your loved ones.

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Francois Bijoux
Francois Bijoux
14/05/2019 07:50

I want to improve my knowledge in this field cause am actually doing this treatment with some patient suffering with different pain such as lower back pain etc