The best exercise for knee osteoarthritis in a pool
Over the last few years, due to population aging, overweight, high impact activities and/or traumatic problems, people have been eroding cartilage in the load segments, such as hips, knees and ankles; developing osteoarthrosis and in this publication, we will focus especially on the best exercise for knee osteoarthritis, which exists as a treatment.
What is osteoarthritis of the knee and what are its characteristic problems?
Osteoarthritis of the knee is a disease characterized by irreversible joint cartilage damage to the femoral condyles, patellar surface, and tibial cymbals by supporting compressive loads and repetitive movements of bend knee and stretch knee.
The main causes are the following: trauma (fractures, meniscal injuries and ruptures of cruciate ligaments), infantile disease (hip dislocation and avascular necrosis), repetitive movements (jobs, trades, sports) and overload (jobs, trades, sports, obesity), rheumatoid arthritis, joint infection and a large percentage is idiopathic, ie the actual cause is not known.
The most relevant problems being pain and joint stiffness with functional impotence that limits activities of daily living, such as standing, walking and climbing stairs. In addition, in the short term can be both damage, which should be put a knee prosthesis, considering the costs and associated risks of this type of surgeries.
What therapies exist based on exercise for knee osteoarthritis?
As has recently been demonstrated in scientific studies that cartilage cannot be regenerated, drugs with Glycosaminoglycans or Chondroitin Sulfate being ineffective, therapies based on physical exercise to reduce pain, stiffness, increase mobility, lubrication and functionality have become of fashion, but at present there are several alternatives of exercises for knee osteoarthritis, such as, 1) Exercise in gym. 2) Kinesic exercises. 3) Hydrogymnastics and 4) Kaenz, which we will describe below:
1) Exercise for knee osteoarthritis in gym
In gymnasiums, most professionals in charge are Physical Education Teachers, Personal Trainer and Fitness Trainers, who are not health professionals, to prescribe exercises to a person with osteoarthritis of the knee, but unfortunately in many centers, they perform Exercises for users with health problems, weight machines, treadmills, ellipticals, static bicycles and even in group classes (spinning, entertaining dancing, Zumba and step).
Therefore, exercises in gyms are not highly recommended for a person suffering from osteoarthrosis and may even worsen it if they do not have the necessary precautions when indicating and prescribing physical exercise.
2) Kinesic exercises for knee osteoarthritis
In this case, the Physical Therapists have sufficient training to be able to best approach osteoarthritis of the knee, since they have knowledge about anatomy, biomechanics, movement analysis, physiotherapy, exercise prescription and clinical reasoning, using mats, therapeutic balloons, elastic bands and exercise pulleys for knee osteoarthritis.
They also complement physical therapy exercises, to reduce pain and increase joint mobility, using analgesic equipment with Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) and Interferential Therapy currents, warm compresses, coldpack, manual therapy and massage in contractured muscles.
The “Achilles’ heel” of the kinesic exercises is that they are mostly monotonous, boring and not functional, which is reflected in a low adherence to treatment.
3) Hydrogymnastics for treating knee osteoarthritis
The benefits of exercising in a pool are many because of the physical properties of the water (hydrostatic, hydrodynamic, hydrokinetic and thermal), which results in a reduction in immersion weight, for example a person weighing 100 kilos if submerged in the pool upright to the neck, its “apparent weight” is 10 kilos.
That is to say, in their joints, they reduce the loads, allowing it to generate greater joint range without pain (it reduces stiffness), in addition, with the exercises in swimming pool, can strengthen musculature, lower adipose tissue, improve normal walking patterns, balance among other benefits.
But in the case of hydrogymnastics, the exercises are directed by a Physical Education Teacher for 20 people who perform the same choreography, based on dances, schemas and sudden movements, without any therapeutic approach, or personalized, according to the problems, need and goals of each person.
4) Exercise for knee osteoarthritis doing Kaenz
Kaenz is a very effective aquatic therapy and presents strong scientific evidence, to reduce pain, joint stiffness, strengthen weak muscles and increase joint movement, allowing the lubrication and nutrition of cartilage that is not yet damaged, delaying its evolution.
Since this methodology of pool exercises, solves better the characteristic problems of gonarthrosis, compared to conventional medicine, so our clients, come after having infiltrated, try alternative therapies, take several medications and natural pills, without having good results.
In conclusion Kaenz adapts to the needs and objectives of each user, doing it at any time in your pool, being a safe, effective method, without joint impact and it is not necessary to know how to swim.
We have the conviction that Kaenz, will improve your health and well-being, being a great investment, to reduce expenses for medications, hospitalizations and avoid surgeries, we invite you to experience this first virtual aquatic therapist, which will change your habits, recharging energy, toning your body, keeping you young and positively impacting your quality of life, sharing with your loved ones.